Environmental pollution is reaching worrying proportions around the world. Urbanization and industrialization, together with economic development, have led to an increase in energy consumption and waste discharge. Global environmental pollution, including greenhouse gas emissions and acid deposition, as well as water pollution and waste management are considered international public health problems, which must be investigated from multiple perspectives, including social, economic, legislative and environmental engineering systems, as well as lifestyle habits that help promote health and strengthen environmental systems to resist pollution.
Environmental pollutants have several adverse health effects from the earliest years of life, some of the most important harmful effects are perinatal disorders, infant mortality, respiratory disorders, allergies, malignancies, cardiovascular disorders, increased oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, mental disorders and various other harmful effects.
Based on the soundness of scientific knowledge on adverse health effects of environmental pollution and the magnitude of its impact on public health, different types of interventions should be taken into account. In addition to industrial aspects, public awareness in this regard should be increased. In addition, health professionals have exclusive competence to help prevent and reduce the harmful effects of environmental factors, a capacity that should be highlighted in their usual practice.
This special issue is dedicated to increasing the depth of research in all areas of the health effects of pollutants on air, water and soil, as well as new techniques for their measurement and elimination. The objective of the special issue is to familiarize readers of the Journal of Public and Environmental Health with the potential of the different aspects of environmental pollution. We hope that this special issue will attract researchers, public health professionals and legislators.
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