UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Armenia
UNESCO World Heritage includes natural or man-made objects, the priorities for which, according to UNESCO, are their preservation and promotion due to their special cultural, historical or environmental significance.
Armenia, a member of UNESCO since 1992. - one of the oldest countries in the world, a country that in 301 was the first in the world to adopt Christianity as the state religion. And it is not surprising that there are many UNSECO World Heritage sites in Armenia.
Echmiadzin Cathedral located 20 km from the capital of Armenia in the city of Echmiadzin. It is the religious center of Armenia and the residence of the Catholicos of All Armenians. Built in the IV-V century, the cathedral is considered one of the oldest Christian cathedrals in the world. By giving it is considered that the place for the construction of the cathedral was indicated to Gregory the enlightener Jesus Christ. Hence the name of the Cathedral ECHMIADZIN, which in translation from Armenian means - the Own only Be***ten.
The Church of Saint Ripsipe
The church was built in 618 on the site of an ancient pagan temple, where Saint Hripsime was tortured and killed. The church is a classic example of Armenian architecture and is a true engineering miracle, it has hardly suffered since its construction.
Church of St. Gayane - the church was built in 630 AD. From that time to the present day, the appearance of the structure and its interior decoration have reached almost without changes. Only during the reconstruction of the XVII century the dome and ceilings were partially changed.
Zvartnots temple - which is the Old Armenian means "the Temple of Vigil Angels". Located between Yerevan and Echmiadzin.
The monastery complex Geghard
The monastery complex Geghardand the upper reaches of the Azat River is a monastic complex, a unique architectural structure. Located in the gorge of the mountain river Azat, about 40 km south-east of Yerevan.
The name of the monastery complex comes from the spear of Longin, which pierced the body of Jesus Christ on the Cross, and, it is claimed, brought by the Apostle Thaddeus to Armenia, among many other relics. Now the spear is set in the treasury of Echmiadzin.
The monastery is located on the slope of an almost closed amphitheater of sheer cliffs crashing into the blue of the sky, surrounded by harsh and majestic nature. Impressive uplifting cliffs surrounding the monastery are part of the Azat River gorge.
Some temples of the monastery complex are completely hollowed out inside the cliffs, others, like caves, while some are complex structures, at the same time with a walled building, and with a space deep inside the cliff.
Haghpat and Sanahin Monasteries
These two monasteries are very similar. They are so similar that, according to one of the legends, they once argued and quarreled about which of them was more important and beautiful. In the end, Sanahin said: "I am the most beautiful and important because I am older than you." The name Sanahin means "older than that."
Haghpat Monastery is located on a small plateau surrounded by gorges. Founded in 976 under Ashot III the Merciful. At the foundation of the monastery, a significant role was played by Queen Khosrovanush. In the X — XIII centuries. was one of the centers of spiritual culture of Armenia, a large monastic property, which had extensive land with villages and peasants.
The monastery complex Sanahin, founded in the 10th century, gained worldwide fame. X-XI century. The number of monks brethren in the X — XI centuries. here reached 300-500 people. It is assumed that these were Armenian priests expelled from Byzantium by Emperor Roman I Lakapin.
Intangible heritage of UNESCO in Armenia
Duduk and his music
The duduk is an Armenian wind instrument made from apricot wood. The sounds of the duduk fascinated and inspired many to travel to its historic homeland.
Khachkar literally translated from Armenian as "cross-stone". Stone steles - vishaps, which were established in ancient times in the mountains and near the roads for marking the territories, are considered the forerunners of khachkars.
The history of the emergence of khachkars leads us to the time of the adoption of Christianity in Armenia. Then, at the beginning of the 4th century, wooden crosses were erected on the site of the pagan cult monuments, but since wooden monuments were burned by opponents of the new religion at that time, Christians began to replace them with stone ones.
Epos David of Sasun
The medieval Armenian epic, which tells about the struggle of the heroes of Sasun (a region in historical Armenia, now in Turkey) against the Arab invaders. It was formed in the VIII — X (not later than the XIII) centuries. The epos consists of four branches. The first is Sanasar and Bagdasar, the second is Mger the Elder, the third is David, the fourth is Mger the younger.
The epos "David of Sasun" is truly great in a number of other epic tales of the people who created it.
This is a truly Armenian folk epos. Epos is called folk not only because it lives in the mass of the people, and it affects them, it is national primarily because the whole worldview of its heroes is inextricably linked with genuinely popular lower classes, because all its heroes are inextricably linked with the people, but not with those who held the fate of the Armenian people in their hands for thousands of years.
Lavash bread: making traditional bread, its meaning and cultural manifestations in Armenia.
Armenian dance Kochari.
This ancient Armenian dance is the most popular dance among all Armenians. At all the festivities, Armenians necessarily dance the Kochari, which is of pagan origin.
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