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The Procedure of Phacoemulsification

15:05, Вторник, 07 Февраля, 2023 года
The Procedure of Phacoemulsification

The Procedure of Phacoemulsification

Phacoemulsification is a procedure used in cataract surgery to break up and
     remove the cloudy lens from the eye. The procedure involves using ultrasound
     energy to break the dense, hard lens material into tiny pieces, allowing for easy
     removal. A small incision is made in the eye so that an ultrasonic probe can be
     inserted. This probe emits high-frequency sound waves that fragment the lens
     into pieces, which can then be suctioned out of the eye. By using this method,
     scarring and trauma to the delicate tissues inside the eye are minimized and
     recovery time is greatly reduced. The entire procedure usually takes no more than
     20 minutes.

How is phacoemulsification performed?
     Phacoemulsification is the most common cataract removal surgery. It involves the
     use of ultrasonic energy to break up the lens into small pieces, which are then
     removed from the eye by suction. The procedure typically takes around 30
     minutes. Before initiating the process, the ophthalmologist gives local anesthesia
     to numb the affected eye for reducing discomfort during the surgery.
     The steps of the phacoemulsification procedure include:
      Making a tiny incision in the eye through which the surgeon will insert the
     phacoemulsification probe.
      Using the ultrasonic energy from the probe to break up the cataract into
     small pieces.
      Suctioning out the pieces of the cataract with the probe.
      Inserting the artificial intraocular lens into the eye to replace the natural
     lens that was removed.
      Closing the incision with sutures or tissue adhesive and applying an
     antibiotic ointment to the area to reduce the risk of infection

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